Due to the sheer number of fleas, and how often they are able to procreate when there is a reliable source of blood nearby, almost everyone has had an issue with them. Cats, dogs, small mammals, and humans alike have all felt the vicious bite from that blood dependent parasite, and know how irritated the bitten area can get.
Treating flea bites depends on who or what was bitten. While some of the remedies may be similar, humans and animals are able to take different medicines to effectively relieve them of the irritation from the flea bite.
For humans who were bitten, there are two options; natural remedies, or medicine. Both of these treatment methods can be combined or, depending on the severity of the bite and preferences of the person bitten, one method can be chosen over the other.
For natural remedies, there are quite a few methods. Apple cider vinegar and water can be combined in a one to two ratio, and put in a spray bottle. That spray can be used to saturate flea bites, but not on open sores as the vinegar will burn. Another suggestion is to make a paste with some baking powder and a bit of water. That mixture will effectively relieve the pain of the bite and will help take away some of the itching from the bite. Soaking in an oatmeal bath and using ice packs on the bites are also some other natural methods used to relieve swelling and itchiness.
As for medicinal remedies to this common problem there are several creams and over the counter medicines that can help. Oral antihistamines will aid with reducing the urge to itch the bites as well as hydrocortisone cream or calamine lotion that is applied to the affected area. You should always wash the bites and open sores with antiseptic lotion or soap to prevent any infection, and make sure to use cool water because the hot water may help stimulate further itching.
Treatment for animals is slightly different and if the case is severe your local veterinarian should be consulted so that there is no further harm done to your animal from excessive scratching. A vet may give your animal a steroid cream or steroid injection that will administer an anti-histamine and will give your animal more rapid itch relief.
If the bites are minor and the situation does not warrant a visit to the vet, there are a few simple things to do to make your pet more comfortable after its been bitten. Bathing them in cool water will feel great for your animal. The cool water will help reduce minor swelling and relieve the itch, make sure not to use ice cold water or hot water as that will likely be very uncomfortable and have adverse effects.
If your animal does not do well with baths, or if they are a cat and hate water, then a wet wash cloth will probably be better. Apply it to the area you notice the animal scratching at the most, getting it damp enough to provide relief. If you notice any open sores or scratches, clean them out gently to prevent any future infections. Always make sure to consult your vet if you feel the situation is too extensive or if your animal is showing a more severe reaction to the flea bites.